SELECT content FROM law_ref_lang_word WHERE word_id=275 AND lang_id=3 FirstLaw 第一國際法律事務所
【Non-action litigation】
  • Competent Authorities                                                                                                        

                    Central Government: the Council of Labor Affairs of the Executive Yuan

                         1.In regard tothe draft and amendment on regulations of the labor relation;

                         2.In regard tothe registration of the organization for the labor groups;

                         3.In regard tothe counsellingand supervisionof the labor groups;

                         4.In regard topromotionfor the cooperation between labor and capital;

                         5.In regard tothe guidance and supervision of handling the labor disputes;

                         6.In regard tothe matters on international labor connection, cooperation and activities; 

                         7.Other matters in regard to labor relations.

                    ◎  Local Government: the municipal city governments, the county/city governments

  •  Introduction to the Processing of Labor Dispute                                                               

                      ◎  Application: It applies to the labor disputesoccurring between employersor the
                            employer groups and
workers or labor groups.

                         1.Labor-management disputes:

                                
refer to labor-management disputes over rights and adjustment disputes.

                         2.Rights disputes:

                                  
refer to labor-management disputes over the rights and obligations under the laws,
                                  regulations, collective agreements, or employment contracts between employers and
                                  workers.                         

                         3.Adjustment disputes:

                                 
refer to labor-management disputes between employers and workers with respect to
                                  whether to maintain or change the terms and conditions of employment.          

                         4.Conciliation:

                                  In the event any party to a labor-management disputeapplies for conciliation, the application
                                  form for conciliation shall be submitted to the competent authority of the municipality
                                  or the county (city). The competent authority of the municipality or city (county) shall
                                  set up a Conciliation Commissionto handle the labor-management dispute within 7 days
                                  of receipt of the application form for conciliation or upon the authority's submission of
                                  the dispute for conciliation ex officio. The conciliation proposal made by the Conciliation
                                  Commission shall be successful concluded upon the parties' agreement to sign the
                                  conciliation records. If the parties to the labor-management dispute object to the
                                  conciliation proposal made by the Conciliation Commission, the conciliation is deemed
                                  to have foundered.

                          5.Arbitration:

                                  In the event the conciliation for an adjustmentdispute founders, the parties may jointly
                                  apply for arbitration to the Arbitration Commission to handle the labor-management
                                  dispute. The competent authority of the municipality or the county (city) concludes that
                                  the dispute affects the public's lives and interests substantially, or upon the request of
                                  the competent authority supervising the business, the competent authority of the
                                  municipality or the county (city) may submit the dispute for arbitration ex officio and
                                  notify the parties.

                                  With the parties' mutual consent, the parties may file for arbitration for an adjustment
                                  dispute with the competent authority of the municipality or the county (city) without
                                  conciliation first.                         

                                  An application form for arbitration on an adjustment dispute shall be submitted to the
                                  competent authority of the municipality or the county (city).

                                  The competent authority of the municipality or the county (city)shall set upan arbitration
                                  commissionto handle the adjustment dispute within 5 days of receipt of the application
                                  form for arbitration.                                 

                                  After the Arbitration Commission concludes the arbitration award, the arbitration award
                                  shall be reduced within ten days, and be reported to the competent authority for delivery
                                  to the parties to the labor dispute.                                 

                                   If the parties to the labor-management dispute settle the dispute during the arbitration
                                   procedure, the letter of settlement shall be submitted to the Arbitration Commission and
                                   the competent authority of the municipality or the county (city) for records.

                                   The arbitration procedure can conclude upon receipt of the letter of settlement by the
                                   Arbitration Commission and the competent authority of the municipality or the county
                                   (city). The settlement has the same effect as successful conciliation set out in this law.
                                
 
                                  The parties to thelabor-management dispute shall not apply for review on the arbitration
                                   award rendered by the Arbitration Commission.

                                   The arbitration award referred to in the preceding paragraph is deemed a contract 
                                   between the parties to the dispute. If one of the parties is a labor union, the arbitration
                                   award is deemed a collective agreement between the parties.

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